Recherches

OpenScience

CIGEV OpenScience aims to optimize the efficient use of scientific resources and to enhance collaborative work by providing public access to different neuropsychological test batteries and cognitive assessments tools that have been repeatedly used and widely established in previous research.

The core goals of CIGEV OpenScience are (1) to provide detailed, transparent, copyright-free information that allow researchers to independently reproduce these tools for their own use and (2) to provide free access to ready-to-use materials in a collaborative context.

Below, you can find a brief summary of the different OpenScience Materials with brief descriptions of the tools, their previous application, and references.

For more specific inquiries or additional information, please contact us.

COGTEL (Cognitive Telephone Screening Instrument)

Main references: Haas et al., 2021 (eCOGTEL); Kliegel et al., 2007.

eCOGTELA practical and rapid tool that allows assessing cognitive functioning in a global perspective: short- and long-term memory, working memory, prospective memory, verbal fluency, inductive reasoning. It takes 20 to 30 minutes to administer and provides detailed results (overall score and scores per sub-domain).

In its most recent update, we have developed an online version — the eCOGTEL — that allows for a remote, self-administered assessment of cognitive functioning (for details, see Haas et al., 2021).

You can download detailed instructions manuals below (PDF):

A free demo version of the eCOGTEL (in French) can be found here.

References of previous studies using COGTEL
  • Alexopoulos, P., Skondra, M., Kontogianni, E., Vratsista, A., Frouda, M., Konstantopoulou, G., Aligianni, S.I., Charalampopoulou, M., Lentzari, I., Gourzis, P., Kliegel, M., Economou, P., & Politis, A. (2021). Validation of the Cognitive Telephone Screening Instruments COGTEL and COGTEL+ in identifying clinically diagnosed neurocognitive disorder due to Alzheimer's disease in a naturalistic clinical setting. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. 83(1), 259-268. https://doi.org/10.3233/JAD-210477
  • Breitling, L.P., Wolf, M., Müller, H., Raum, E., Kliegel, M., & Brenner, H. (2010). Large-scale application of a telephone-based test of cognitive functioning in older adults. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 30(4), 309-316. https://doi.org/10.1159/000319896
  • Haas, M., Scheibe, S., El Khawli, E. A., Künzi, M., Ihle, A., Ballhausen, N., Framorando, D., Kliegel, M., & Zuber, S. (2021). Online assessment of cognitive functioning across the adult lifespan using the eCOGTEL: A reliable alternative to laboratory testing. European Journal of Ageing. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-021-00667-x
  • Ihle, A., Gouveia, É.R., Gouveia, B. R., & Kliegel, M. (2017). The Cognitive Telephone Screening Instrument (COGTEL): A Brief, Reliable, and Valid Tool for Capturing Inter-individual Differences in Cognitive Functioning in Epidemiological and Aging Studies. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra, 7(3), 339-345. https://doi.org/10.1159/000479680
  • Kliegel, M., Martin, M. & Jäger, T. (2007). Development and Validation of the Cognitive Telephone Screening Instrument for the Assessment of Cognitive Function Across Adulthood (COGTEL). The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 141(2), 147-170. https://doi.org/10.3200/JRLP.141.2.147-172
  • Tinôco, M.A., Gouveia, É.R., Ihle, A., Adilson M., Gouveia, B.R., Kliegel, M. (2019). The Cognitive Telephone Screening Instrument (COGTEL): a reliable and valid tool for the assessment of cognitive functioning in the Brazilian elderly. Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia, 22(1). https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562019022.180130

Geneva Space Cruiser

Main reference: Zuber et al., 2021.

Geneva Space CruiserBased on previous versions of the Cruiser (e.g., Kerns, 2000) and the Dresden Cruiser (Kliegel et al., 2013, Voigt et al., 2014), the Geneva Space Cruiser represents a new online adaptation of the serious-game like task that allows assessing participants' prospective memory, that is, their ability to remember to perform planned intentions after delay. It takes 10 to 15 minutes to administer and provides detailed results on participants' prospective memory performance, time-monitoring behavior, and ongoing task performance.

With its latest adaptions, the Geneva Space Cruiser can be used for fully self-administered, remote assessment that does not require any direct (on- or offline) assistance from researchers. A recent study of our team suggests that the Geneva Space Cruiser "represents a rather valid, moderately to highly reliable, and generally useful tool to assess PM in online testing across wide ranges of the adult lifespan" (for details, see Zuber et al., 2021).

You can find free demo versions of the Geneva Space Cruiser below:

You can download detailed instructions manuals below:

These instructions manuals provide a page-per-page guide of the task instructions used to administer the Geneva Space Cruiser online.

If you decide to reproduce the Geneva Space Cruiser, the information provided in the manuals and in the demo versions can be used without copyright and free of charge. However, we kindly ask you to reference the initial validation study below in your projects that use data stemming from the Geneva Space Cruiser:

  • Zuber, S., Haas, M., Framorando, D., Ballhausen, N., Gillioz, E., Künzi, M., & Kliegel, M. (2021) The Geneva Space Cruiser: A Fully Self-Administered Online Tool to Assess Prospective Memory across the Adult Lifespan. Memory. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2021.1995435

If you would like direct access to our online tool to collect your data in a collaborative context, if you have questions or would require additional information, please contact us (Sascha.Zuber(at)unige.ch).

Examples of studies using different variants of the Cruiser
  • Kerns, K. A. (2000). The CyberCruiser: An investigation of development of prospective memory in children. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 6(1), 62-70. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355617700611074
  • Kliegel, M., Mahy, C. E. V., Voigt, B., Henry, J. D., Rendell, P. G., & Aberle, I. (2013). The development of prospective memory in young schoolchildren: The impact of ongoing task absorption, cue salience, and cue centrality. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 116(4), 792-810. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2013.07.012
  • Kretschmer, A., Voigt, B., Friedrich, S., Pfeiffer, K., & Kliegel, M. (2014). Time-based prospective memory in young children-Exploring executive functions as a developmental mechanism. Child Neuropsychology, 20(6), 662-676. https://doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2013.841881
  • Lewis, C. E., Thomas, K. G., Molteno, C. D., Kliegel, M., Meintjes, E. M., Jacobson, J. L., & Jacobson, S. W. (2016). Prospective Memory Impairment in Children with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 40(5), 969-978. https://doi.org/10.1111/acer.13045
  • Mahy, C. E. V., Voigt, B., Ballhausen, N., Schnitzspahn, K., Ellis, J., & Kliegel, M. (2015). The impact of cognitive control on children's goal monitoring in a time-based prospective memory task. Child Neuropsychology, 21(6), 823-839. https://doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2014.967202
  • Rendell, P. G., Vella, M. J., Kliegel, M., & Terrett, G. (2009). Effect of delay on children's delay-execute prospective memory performance. Cognitive Development, 24(2), 156-168. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.Cogdev.2008.12.002
  • Souchay, C., Dubourg, L., Ballhausen, N., Schneider, M., Cerf, C., Schnitzspahn, K., Faivre, L., Kliegel, M., & Eliez, S. (2018). Time-based prospective memory in children and adolescents with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Clinical Neuropsychologist, 32(5), 981-992. https://doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2017.1403652
  • Talbot, K. D. S., & Kerns, K. A. (2014). Event- and time-triggered remembering: The impact of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on prospective memory performance in children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 127, 126-143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2014.02.011
  • Voigt, B., Aberle, I., Schonfeld, J., & Kliegel, M. (2011). Time-based prospective memory in schoolchildren: The role of self-initiation and strategic time monitoring. Zeitschrift Fur Psychologie-Journal of Psychology, 219(2), 92-99. https://doi.org/10.1027/2151-2604/A000053
  • Voigt, B., Mahy, C. E. V., Ellis, J., Schnitzspahn, K., Krause, I., Altgassen, M., & Kliegel, M. (2014). The development of time-based prospective memory in childhood: The role of working memory updating. Developmental Psychology, 50(10), 2393-2404. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0037491
  • Zuber, S., Haas, M., Framorando, D., Ballhausen, N., Gillioz, E., Künzi, M., & Kliegel, M. (2021). The Geneva Space Cruiser: a fully self-administered online tool to assess prospective memory across the adult lifespan. Memory, 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2021.1995435
  • Zuber, S., Mahy, C. E. V., & Kliegel, M. (2019). How executive functions are associated with event-based and time-based prospective memory during childhood. Cognitive Development, 50, 66-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogdev.2019.03.001

Laboratory paradigms to assess prospective memory

1) N-back time-based prospective memory task

This task was designed to assess time-based prospective memory in a laboratory setting using E-Prime2® (or later versions). The prospective memory task is embedded in a 2-back working memory task (i.e., ongoing task) for which participants have to indicate on each trial whether the current picture corresponds to the picture presented two trials earlier. The full paradigm consists of two blocks: a block of ‘ongoing task only’ followed by a block ‘ongoing plus prospective memory task’.

This task was used successfully in recent studies assessing healthy adults across the lifespan (e.g., from 19 to 86 years; see e.g., Zuber et al., 2021; Joly-Burra et al., 2021).

You can download more detailed description of the task, as well as ready-to-use E-Prime2® files.

Examples of studies that have used different adaptations of this prospective memory paradigm
  • Altgassen, M., Phillips, L. H., Henry, J. D., Rendell, P. G., & Kliegel, M. (2010). Emotional target cues eliminate age differences in prospective memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63(6), 1057-1064. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470211003770920
  • Ballhausen, N., Schnitzspahn, K. M., Horn, S. S., & Kliegel, M. (2017). The interplay of intention maintenance and cue monitoring in younger and older adults’ prospective memory. Memory & Cognition, 45(7), 1113‑1125. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-017-0720-5
  • Chen, Y., Lian, R., Yang, L., Liu, J., & Meng, Y. (2017). Working Memory Load and Reminder Effect on Event-Based Prospective Memory of High- and Low-Achieving Students in Math. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 50(5), 602‑608. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022219416668322
  • Cona, G., Kliegel, M., & Bisiacchi, P. S. (2015). Differential effects of emotional cues on components of prospective memory : An ERP study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00010
  • Einstein, G. O., Holland, L. J., McDaniel, M. A., & Guynn, M. J. (1992). Age-related deficits in prospective memory : The influence of task complexity. Psychology and Aging, 7(3), 471‑478. https://doi.org/10.1037/0882-7974.7.3.471
  • Einstein, G. O., & McDaniel, M. A. (1990). Normal aging and prospective memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 16(4), 717‑726. https://doi.org/10.1037//0278-7393.16.4.717
  • Jäger, T., & Kliegel, M. (2008). Time-based and event-based prospective memory across adulthood: Underlying mechanisms and differential costs on the ongoing task. The Journal of General Psychology, 135(1), 4‑22. https://doi.org/10.3200/GENP.135.1.4-22
  • Joly-Burra, E., Haas, M., Laera, G., Ghisletta, P., Kliegel, M., & Zuber, S. (2021). Frequency and Strategicness of Clock-Checking Explain Detrimental Age-Effects in Time-Based Prospective Memory. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/2msk9
  • Oksanen, K. M., Waldum, E. R., McDaniel, M. A., & Braver, T. S. (2014). Neural Mechanisms of Time-Based Prospective Memory : Evidence for Transient Monitoring. PLOS ONE, 9(3), e92123. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092123
  • Zuber, S., Haas, M., Framorando, D., Ballhausen, N., Gillioz, E., Künzi, M., & Kliegel, M. (2021) The Geneva Space Cruiser: A Fully Self-Administered Online Tool to Assess Prospective Memory across the Adult Lifespan. Memory, 0(0), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2021.1995435